Avid Editor's Insights

THIS DAY March 1

Posted by Shiva on February 28, 2009

And today’s Colour is


In the English language, yellow has traditionally been associated with jaundice and cowardice. In American slang, a coward is said to be “yellowbellied” or “yellow.” In South Korea the color yellow is associated with jealousy.

Near the end of the 19th century, the color yellow was often associated with mental illness, specifically including insanity, and with other sorts of mental problems (e.g. depravity).

Similarly, in Malay the term budaya kuning (lit. “yellow culture”) is used to refer to lewd or uncouth behaviour.

March 1,1692 : Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials.

The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings before local magistrates followed by county court trials to prosecute people accused of witchcraft in Essex, Suffolk, and Middlesex Counties of colonial Massachusetts, between February 1692 and May 1693. Over 150 people were arrested and imprisoned, with even more accused who were not formally pursued by the authorities. The two courts convicted twenty-nine people of the capital felony of witchcraft. Nineteen of the accused, fourteen women and five men, were hanged. One man, refusing to enter a plea, was ordered to be crushed to death under heavy stones. At least five more of the accused died in prison.
Despite being generally known as the “Salem” witch trials, the preliminary hearings in 1692 were conducted in a variety of towns across the province: Salem Village, Ipswich, Andover, as well as Salem Town, Massachusetts. The best-known trials were conducted by the Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692 in Salem Town. All twenty-six who went to trial before this court were convicted. The four sessions of the Superior Court of Judicature in 1693, held in Salem Town, but also in Ipswich, Boston, and Charlestown, produced only three convictions in the thirty-one witchcraft trials it conducted.

March 1, 1811: Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali.

A mamluk Arabic: مملوك , “owned”; was a slave soldier who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid sultans during the Middle Ages. Over time, they became a powerful military caste, and on more than one occasion they seized power for themselves, for example ruling Egypt in the Mamluk Sultanate from 1250-1517.

End of Mamluk power in Egypt

Muhammed Ali knew that eventually he would have to deal with the Mamluks if he ever wanted to control Egypt. They were still the feudal owners of Egypt and their land was still the source of wealth and power.
On March 1, 1811
, Muhammed Ali invited all Mamluks to his palace to celebrate the declaration of war against the Wahhabis in Arabia. There were nearly 600 Mamluks (according to another source about 700) on parade in Cairo. Near the Al-Azab gates, in a narrow road down from Mukatam Hill, Muhammad Ali’s forces ambushed and slaughtered almost every one. According to the tradition, only one Mamluk, named Hasan, survived when he cut his way through the Turks and jumped with a horse over a precipice to freedom.

Over the following week, hundreds of Mamluks were killed throughout Egypt. In the citadel of Cairo alone more than 1,000 Mamluks were killed. In the streets around Egypt, an estimated 3,000 Mamluks and their relatives were killed.

Despite these attempts by Muhammad Ali to defeat the Mamluks in Egypt, a party of them escaped and fled south into present-day Sudan. In 1811, these Mamluks established a state at Dunqulah, in the Sennar, as a base for their slave trading. In 1820, the sultan of Sennar informed Muhammad Ali that he was unable to comply with a demand to expel the Mamluks. In response, the pasha sent 4,000 troops to invade Sudan, clear it of Mamluks, and reclaim it for Egypt. The pasha’s forces received the submission of the kashif, dispersed the Dunqulah Mamluks, conquered Kordofan, and accepted Sennar’s surrender from the last Funj sultan, Badi VII.

March 1, 1970: In Italy, a bomb was found in the luggage of an Islamic terrorist aboard an Ethiopian airliner in Rome. The device had been placed by members of the Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement.

March 1, 1971: Two unidentified terrorists threw a firebomb from a passing car at the Iraqi mission to the United Nations in New York City.

March,1 1973: The Khartoum diplomatic assassinations refers to the killing of three Western diplomats held hostage between 1 March 1973 and 3 March 1973 in the Saudi embassy in the capital city of Sudan, Khartoum. They were murdered by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September.
The morning after the hostages had been taken, the terrorists demanded the release of numerous Palestinian militants held by the Israelis. They also demanded the release of members of the Baader-Meinhof Group in West Germany, who were sympathetic to the Palestinian cause. The release of Sirhan Sirhan, the Palestinian native who assassinated Senator Robert F. Kennedy was also demanded. The terrorists eventually dropped their demands on the Israelis and West Germans, but instead demanded the release of ninety Arab militants who were currently being held by the Jordanian government.Their demands were to be met within twenty-four hours or all hostages were to be killed. However, within twelve hours, the terrorists had made clear to negotiators they had murdered three of the ten hostages: Mr. Noel, 54; Mr. Moore, 47; Mr. Eid, 38. All those killed represented western governments. The terrorists refused to release the bodies of the murdered men.

The terrorists then demanded a plane to take them and their hostages to the United States. Both the Sudanese and US governments rejected this demand. In a news conference on March 2, President Richard Nixon said that the United States would do everything it could to obtain the release of the hostages but would “not pay blackmail.”

The Sudanese government continued to negotiate with the terrorists, but refused to compromise or meet any of the group’s demands. Within sixty hours, the eight gunmen released the remaining hostages, all of whom were Arab, and surrendered to Sudanese authorities.

Fatah and Arafat connections

The terrorist group Black September had clear connections to the Palestinian cause. This was established when the group held hostage and eventually murdered eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany during the Munich massacre. The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972. … Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München, (pronounced listen) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern). …

It was widely suspected but not concretely confirmed that Black September was a front for Yasser Arafat’s Fatah terrorist group, and the Munich massacre may have been ordered or directed by Arafat. The Khartoum assassinations further cemented a connection to Arafat and Fatah. The United States Department of State officially suspected the Arafat-led Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and Fatah of assisting in planning and directing the hostage-taking and assassinations. Yasser Arafat had offered to intervene to end the crisis. This move was viewed by some as an attempt to distance himself and his groups from Black September and the Khartoum crisis.

March 1, 1977: The body of Rubio Diaz, a Spanish-born Roman Catholic who had been a missionary in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) for 28 years, was found bludgeoned to death near the Mozambique border.

March 1, 1982: Nabil Aranki Hawwad, a Palestinian who had been living in Spain with his Spanish wife and children, was assassinated in Madrid. Hawwad was a member of the Arab Liberation Front, a Baghdad-based terrorist contingent of Fatah and the PLO. Seven Palestinians and Jordanians were arrested after the attack which appeared to be perpetrated by rival groups.

March 1, 1985: Another Libyan businessman was murdered in Rome. He was the thirteenth victim of Qadhafi’s OPEC regime to have been killed in Italy since 1980.

March 1, 1985: In Kuwait, an Iraqi Embassy diplomat and his son were assassinated in their home by four jihadists. Prior to the murders, rival Muslims had called, threatening to murder members of the Iraqi Embassy staff.

March 1, 1986: In Israel, Syrian members of Al Fatah, dressed in army uniforms, succeeded in crossing into Israel from Lebanon and were readying themselves for an attack on a kibbutz. When confronted by Israeli soldiers in the area, they fled back across the border. Once back in Lebanon, the three jihadists took possession of civilian hostages as the IDF pursued and surrounded them.

Upon their capture, plans outlining their attack were discovered in their pockets. In October, an Israeli military court sentenced three of the terrorists to 19-year sentences for their participation in the failed assault.

March 1, 1988: In Bangladesh, a homemade explosive device was thrown into the American Cultural Center in Dhaka. It must have been a thank you for the millions in aid America had provided the destitute Muslim nation.

March 2, 1991: Iraq signed ceasefire agreement with American forces ending the Persian Gulf War.

March 1, 1993: In Israel, Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the stabbing death of two Jews in Tel Aviv. Seven other Israelis were wounded by the Muslim murderer.

March 1, 1994: In the United States, Rashid Baz, a Lebanese Muslim immigrant opened fire on a van crossing the Brooklyn Bridge. The Islamic terrorist and his Jordanian Muslim accomplice wounded four Hasidic rabbinical students, one of whom died. The jihadist fired repeatedly from his vehicle, killing 16-year-old Ari Halberstam. The Jordanian owned a taxi company which employed the murderer.

March 1, 1994: Members of the Islamic Group bombed another bank in southern Egypt.

March 1, 1994: Two UN guards were injured in Northern Iraq. Iraqi agents were blamed but Kurds were most likely responsible.

March 1, 1999: In the United States, Gazi Ibrahim Abu Mezer was sentenced to life for the 1997 New York subway suicide-bomb plot.

On This Day Since 9/11

March 1, 2003: Bagerhat, Bangladesh. Muslims invade the home of a Hindu farmer, chop him to death and then rape three members of his family.
March 1, 2003:Ein el-Hilweh. Lebanon. Terrorist bomb kills businessman and injures two bystanders
March 1, 2004: Teseney, Eritrea. The Islamic Salvation Group plants two bombs at a hospital, killing three people and injuring a dozen others
March 1, 2004: Pulwama, India. Militant Muslims kill a civilian and his son in their home. They also return to the scene of an earlier murder and kill the victim’s wife.
March 1, 2004: Mayoh, Thailand. Muslim separatists shoot a policeman to death as he is driving to work

March 1, 2005: Pattani, Thailand. Muslim terrorists murder three civilians in separate random shooting attacks
March 1, 2005: Sernovodskiy, Chechnya. One policeman is killed, and sixteen others injured when the Mujahideen attack their station.
March 1, 2005: Pattani, Thailand. A government official is killed in a shooting attack by militant Muslims
March 1, 2006: Baramulla, India. Two security personnel are gunned down by the Mujahideen.
March 1, 2006: Baghdad, Iraq. Radical Muslims set off two car bombs in civilian areas. At least twenty-five people are burned to death or torn apart by shrapnel and sixty eight are wounded
March 1, 2006: Samaria, Israel. Two Muslims gun down a Jew outside a gas station. The victim was a father of two.
March 1, 2006: India, Baramulla. Two policemen are murdered by Islamic militants while on street patrol
March 1, 2006: Yala, Thailand. A postman is shot to death by Islamists.
March 1, 2006: Narathiwat, Thailand. Islamic militants murder a rubber wood trader.
March 1, 2006: Titwan, India. The Mujahideen abduct a teenage boy and then behead him in captivity.
March 1, 2006: Sergardan, Chowk. Pakistan The local Taliban kill a civilian and leave his body in the open
March 1, 2006: Mahmudiya, Iraq. Terrorists use mortar rounds to kill three members of the same family.
March 1, 2006: Baghdad, Iraq. Radicals kill two family members attending a Shiite funeral.
March 1, 2006: Kirkuk, Iraq. Jihadis ambush a police patrol, killing four officers.
March 1, 2007: Punjab, Pakistan. A Muslim murders a heretic after shouting, ‘You are an infidel.’
March 1, 2007: Kishtwar, India. A man and his father are killed inside their home by Harkat-ul-Jehad Islamic terrorists.
March 1, 2007: Baghdad, Iraq. At least two separate terror attacks leave sixteen people dead.
March 1, 2007: Fallujah, Iraq. Seven people at a wedding party are murdered by a terrorist bombing.
March 1, 2007: Mogadishu, Somalia. Islamic insurgents kill the bodyguard of a government official.
March 1, 2007: Garmser, Afghanistan. An Afghan doctor is kidnapped and murdered by extremists.
March 1, 2007: Farah, Afghanistan. Taliban terrorists detonate a bomb by remote control, killing at least three civilians. Ten children are among the injured.
March 1, 2007:Amman, Jordan. A 23-year-old man strangles his 43-year-old aunt to death on the (erroneous) suspicion that she was not a virgin.
March 1, 2007 “Squatters” are evicted from Ungdomshuset in Copenhagen, Denmark, provoking the March 2007 Denmark Riots.
Ungdomshuset (literally “the Youth House”) was the popular name of the building formally named Folkets Hus (“House of the People”) located on Jagtvej 69 in Nørrebro, Copenhagen, which functioned as an underground scene venue for music and rendezvous point for varying anarchist and leftist groups from 1982 until 2007 when — after prolonged conflict — it was torn down. Due to the ongoing conflict between the municipal government of Copenhagen and the activists occupying the premises, the building has been the subject of intense media attention and public debate since the mid-1990s.
Police started to clear the building early on Thursday, 1 March 2007. Demolition began on 5 March 2007 and was completed two days later.

Ever since the eviction in March 2007, former users and supporters have held weekly demonstrations for a new Ungdomshuset, the demonstrations starting from nearby square ‘Blågårds Plads’ every Thursday at 5 p.m. and going to various places in Copenhagen. The starting point has recently been changed to gammel torv in response to the demonstraters saying they are getting closer to the politicians concerning a solution for a new Ungdomshus at an old school.

March 1, 2008: Langnar, Pakistan. A 22-year-old man is beheaded by the Taliban.
March 1, 2008: Khar, Pakistan. A suicide bomber kills two people in a car bomb attack.
March 1, 2008: Khost, Afghanistan. Three members of the same family, including two women, are blown to bits by the Taliban while traveling to a cemetery.
March 1, 2008: Baghdad, Iraq. Five people are killed when Sunni extremists attack two buses carrying Shia pilgrims.
March 1, 2008: Mogadishu, Somalia. Two local police manning a checkpoint near a market are shot to death by Islamic militia members.

One Response to “THIS DAY March 1”

  1. avideditor said

    The Jihadis never cease to amaze me. I used to like green until the jihadis and the enviro-nuts stole it. Let the jihadis have yellow, just let me keep my blue.

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